What is NFO in mutual funds and how does it work?

What is NFO in mutual funds and how does it work?

What is NFO in mutual funds and how does it work?


Mutual fund investments offer a wide range of investment optionsacross highly diversified asset classes including stocks, bonds, commodities, and money market instruments. Whenever a new mutual fund schemeis launched, it is termed as NFO. An NFO or new fund offer is offered to the public at a fixed price and can be an attractive investment option with high return potential in the long run.

However, since NFOs don’t have a previous track record, understanding the aspects of NFOs is crucial for making informed investment decisions. This blog aims to shed light on what NFOs are, their types, how they work, and the benefits they offer.

Understanding what an NFO is

NFO refers to the initial offering of units of a mutual fund scheme to the public for subscription. Essentially, it marks the launch of a new mutual fund scheme by an Asset Management Company (AMC). Investors can subscribe to the units of the scheme during the NFO period.

How does an NFO work?

During the NFO period, investors can subscribe to the units of the mutual fund scheme at the initial offer price, typically set at ₹10 per unit. The subscription period usually lasts between 10 to 15 days. Once the NFO period ends, the scheme is officially launched, and the units are allocated to the investors. After the launch, investors can buy or sell units of the scheme at the prevailing net asset value (NAV). Let us understand with an example.

Suppose ABC Mutual Fund Company launches an equity NFO named ABC Growth Fund. During the NFO period, investors can subscribe to units of ABC Growth Fund at the offer price of ₹10 per unit. After the NFO period ends, the scheme is listed on the stock exchange, and investors can trade units of ABC Growth Fund at market-determined prices.

Types of NFOs

  1. Equity NFO: These funds invest predominantly in equity and equity-related instruments, aiming for capital appreciation over the long term.
  2. Debt NFO: Debt NFOs primarily invest in fixed-income securities such as bonds, government securities, and money market instruments, offering stable returns.
  3. Hybrid NFO: Also known as balanced funds, hybrid NFOs invest in a mix of equity and debt instruments, providing a balance between capital appreciation and income generation.
  4. Sectoral/Thematic NFO: These funds focus on specific sectors or themes such as technology, healthcare, or infrastructure, offering targeted exposure to particular industries
  5. Index NFO: Index NFOs aim to replicate the performance of a specific market index such as the Nifty or Sensex, providing passive investment options.

Benefits of investing in an NFO

  1. Early entry: NFOs offer investors an opportunity to enter a new scheme at an initial offer price, potentially benefiting from early-stage growth.
  2. Diversification: NFOs allow investors to diversify their portfolio by gaining exposure to new asset classes, sectors, or investment strategies.
  3. Professional management: NFOs are managed by experienced fund managers who employ their expertise to maximise returns and manage risks.
  4. Tailored solutions: Certain NFOs cater to specific investment objectives or themes, providing investors with tailored investment solutions.

Downsides of investing in an NFO

  1. Limited track record: NFOs lack a historical track record, making it challenging for investors to assess their performance and risk profile.
  2. Uncertain performance: New schemes may face volatility and uncertainty in their initial stages, potentially affecting investor returns.
  3. Lock-in period: Some NFOs impose a lock-in period during which investors cannot redeem their units, limiting liquidity and flexibility.


NFO mutual funds offer investors a unique opportunity to participate in the launch of new schemes and gain exposure to diverse investment avenues. While they present several benefits such as early entry and diversification, you should carefully evaluate the risks and consider the investment objectives before investing in an NFO. Ultimately, informed decision-making is key to harnessing the potential of NFOs in mutual fund investments.


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